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    Up-and-Coming Newer Layer 2s Like Base and zkSync Era Gather Momentum

    Ethereum Layer 2 Revolution: Unleashing Unprecedented Throughput

    The Ethereum ecosystem is undergoing a transformative evolution, with Layer 2 (L2) networks emerging as the driving force behind unprecedented throughput achievements.

    As the Ethereum mainnet grapples with scalability challenges, these Layer 2 solutions are stepping up to the plate, revolutionizing the way transactions are processed.

    In this dynamic landscape, newer L2 networks like Base and zkSync Era are making remarkable strides, challenging the established incumbents and reshaping the future of decentralized applications.

    Surpassing Mainnet: Layer 2’s Remarkable Milestone

    The Layer 2 ecosystem is in the midst of a monumental surge, showcasing its capacity to handle a staggering volume of transactions.

    The weekly average scaling throughput of Ethereum’s Layer 2 ecosystem surpassed a monumental milestone on August 15, soaring to an impressive 50 transactions per second (TPS).

    This unprecedented achievement, as reported by L2beat, marks a significant leap forward in Ethereum’s quest for scalability.

    Eth Mainnet Transactions
    ETH Mainnet Transactions

    Just two days after achieving this remarkable feat, Layer 2 networks reached an all-time high of 50.83 TPS.

    This surge in throughput has propelled Layer 2 solutions into the spotlight, highlighting their potential to alleviate congestion on the Ethereum mainnet and provide users with faster and more cost-effective transactions.

    zkSync Era: A Triumph of Scalability

    Among the rising stars of the Layer 2 landscape, zkSync Era has emerged as a trailblazer.

    Notably, zkSync Era has surpassed the Ethereum mainnet in daily activity, processing a staggering 12.2 TPS compared to Ethereum’s 10.9 TPS.

    This achievement underscores the capabilities of zkSync Era in handling an increased transaction load.

    On August 19, zkSync Era achieved an extraordinary milestone, processing a record-breaking 13.44 TPS.

    This not only showcases the prowess of the zkSync Era in terms of scalability but also signifies a paradigm shift in the way users interact with the Ethereum network.

    The Rise of New Layer 2 Networks

    The emergence of a new breed of Layer 2 networks is redefining the landscape and challenging the incumbents.

    One such standout is Base, Coinbase’s innovative L2 solution.

    Base has rapidly gained traction, boasting an impressive 50% growth in the past week.

    This ascent has propelled Base to become the second-most active Layer 2 network, with a throughput of 9.93 TPS.

    The surge in Base’s activity is attributed to the soaring popularity of, an application enabling users to trade tokens linked to public Twitter profiles.

    While Arbitrum and Optimism have held the reins as dominant players, newcomers like Starknet and Optimism are gaining ground.

    Arbitrum, with 6.2 TPS, and Starknet, with 4.8 TPS, have emerged as formidable contenders.

    Optimism, despite a throughput of 4.2 TPS, remains a significant player in the ecosystem.

    Value Locked In Layer 2S
    Value Locked in Layer 2s – Source: L2Beat

    Dominance Amidst Diversity: Value Locked in Layer 2s

    Amidst the surge of new players, Arbitrum and Optimism continue to dominate the Layer 2 space.

    Collectively, these incumbents command over 80% of the staggering $10 billion total value locked in Layer 2 networks.

    Arbitrum leads the pack with $5.6 billion, followed by Optimism with $2.6 billion.

    zkSync follows with $408 million, while dYdX and Base hold $339 million and $237 million, respectively.

    A Response to Competition: Arbitrum’s Forward Momentum

    In the face of mounting competition, the Arbitrum Foundation has responded with strategic initiatives aimed at reinforcing its position.

    In a proactive move, the foundation launched its inaugural grants program, designed to complement the existing grants programs operated by the Arbitrum DAO.

    This pioneering initiative is set to channel funding towards “decentralized applications and infrastructure” across both Arbitrum One and Arbitrum Nova networks.

    Spanning diverse categories including DeFi, gaming, NFTs, social dApps, and user interface tooling, the grants program seeks to elevate adoption, fortify technical foundations, and foster sustainable communities.

    As the Ethereum ecosystem undergoes a seismic transformation, the influence of Layer 2 solutions on its trajectory is undeniable.

    The surge in L2 throughput, driven by newer players like Base and zkSync Era, is reshaping the way transactions are executed and laying the groundwork for a more scalable and efficient network.

    While incumbents like Arbitrum and Optimism continue to exert dominance, the emergence of diverse Layer 2 networks signifies a broader shift towards a more dynamic and competitive ecosystem.

    The push for scalability, as embodied by these solutions, is propelling Ethereum towards its goal of becoming a decentralized powerhouse capable of handling massive transaction volumes without sacrificing user experience.

    In this rapidly evolving landscape, one thing is certain: the journey toward Ethereum’s full potential is marked by innovation, competition, and an unwavering commitment to solving the challenges that lie ahead.

    The rise of Layer 2 solutions stands as a testament to the community’s determination to unlock the true capabilities of blockchain technology and usher in a new era of decentralized possibilities.

    Joshua Carl
    Joshua Carl
    With his finger on the pulse of the crypto industry, Joshua continues to push the boundaries of knowledge and insight, ensuring that readers are well-informed and inspired by the exciting possibilities that lie ahead.

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